In this section, we will review how to set up and use the Linux Mint File Manager. The Mint file manager, which is called Nemo, is one of the most important reasons to choose Linux Mint over Windows or Apple. The Nemo File Manager is similar to the File Manager that comes with Windows but comes with several additional features.
To open this file manager, click on your Home folder in the upper left corner of the Mint Mate desktop. Or alternately, open the Menu in the bottom left panel and click on Home Folder. Below is what the Nemo file manager looks like using the Mint XP theme we installed in the last section:
By default, the Home folder opens in the Icon View at 100%. While Icon View is great for looking at Image Thumbnails, it is much easier to move files and folders by using the List View which is the Icon just right of Icon View. To permanently change to List view when opening your File Manager, click on Edit Preferences.
In the Views tab, change Default View to List View. Also change List View Defaults to Zoom Level 50%. Next click on the Toolbars button and check everything except the Terminal button.
Then close the Preferences window. Here is what the File Manager now looks like:
By default, the Nemo File Manager shows the Places View in the left column. This is not very useful for moving folders or transferring files between folders. Click on the icon to the right of Show Places to select Show Tree View:
The Tree View will cause Nemo to look and function like the Explorer File Manager in Windows XP and Windows 7. Changing to Tree View will cause some important arrows to appear to the left of any folders in the left panel which have sub-folders.
Now we can click on the arrows in the left column to expand any folder to show its sub folders – allowing us to move documents and folders open in the right column into folders and sub folders in the left column.
Add a New Folder
Just as you can do with Windows 7, you can create additional folders and create your own folder structure. Click on the Desktop folder to open it. Then right click on the white workspace to bring up the following screen:
Click on Create Folder to place a new folder on your desktop. Give the folder a name like My Book Documents:
Add a New Document
You can also put a file on the desktop. Right click on the File Manager workspace and click on Create New Document, Empty Document. Then give the file a name like My Test Document.
Moving Files and Folders
We will now move the Test Document from the Desktop folder to the My Book Documents Folder. We could have opened the My Book Documents folder first and then created this file in it. However, you can also create the Test document and then move the Test document into the My Book Documents folder either by opening the My Book Documents folder in your file manager and then selecting the Test document on the Desktop and dragging it to the My Book Documents folder in the File Manager. Or you can close the file manager and drag the document to the Current Documents folder in the Desktop. Or you can move files and folders by using the Nemo Tree Structure. To do this, open the Nemo File Manager and click on the arrow in the left column to bring up the My Book Documents sub folder inside of the Desktop folder. Then select the Test document in the right column of the File Manager and drag it to the My Books Folder – which will light up when the document is in the correct position.
Use List View to Sort Many Documents and Folders
Changing from Compact View to list view will present a table with the folder and file names in alphabetical order followed by the number of files in a folder (or file size of a file) and the date that the folder or file was last modified.
This additional information can help us sort through and organize our documents.
In the next section, we will review several ways to add free programs to Linux Mint.